The following Resources are suggestions from AIM's Literacy and Youth program teacher,
Click on Resource List.pdf for general resources with great ideas and materials from our 2016 Workshop.
The Dolch Word List, was compiled by Edward William Dolch, PhD. This list is based on words used in children's reading books in the 1930's and 40's. The list contains 220 "service words" that must be recognized in order to achieve reading fluency.
The Dolch Word List is often just called Sight Words or The Dolch 220. It includes the most frequently used words in the English language. These words make up to 70 percent of any general text. Therefore, teaching The Dolch Word List is a crucial goal of education.
Many of the 220 Dolch words cannot be "sounded out" and have to be memorized, that is, learned by "sight". The list is divided into levels and these levels are presented in different labelled lists.
The list includes pronouns, adjectives, adverbs, prepositions, conjunctions, and verbs. The basic list excludes nouns, which make up a separate 95 word list.
Because fluency in reading the Dolch words is essential to literacy, we do focus on them. However, not exclusively, as a learner often learns "high interest" words much quicker. High interest words are those words for subjects the learner has the most interest in - whether it be the names of favorite literary characters or sports teams or types of animals.
Repetition and practice are very important in making recognition of sight words automatic. Once this core of basic sight words has been memorized, children read more fluently, with much greater comprehension.
A list of Dolch words are provided here for you to download. They are formatted so they are in a large, easy to read font (Century Gothic) with the letter "a" presented just as any learner would print at school.
They are in lower case format as the vast majority of reading is in this format. While many educational institutions seem to try to teach learners capital letters first this is not what the emergent and learning reader will actually encounter when attempting to read any text.
At AIM we use red printing on yellow paper as high contrast colours have been proven to enhance and aid in memorization, but these words can always be printed in plain black ink on white paper and used effectively that was, as well. It is the consistency and continuity of teaching and learning the sight words that is the most important.